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Licking County Library Local History page.

Licking County is located near the geographical center of Ohio. Its history dates back approximately 14,000 years when Paleoindians first inhabited the region. Around 200 B.C., the Hopewell people began to build elaborate earthworks here. The first permanent European settlers, Elias Hughes and John Ratliff, arrived in 1798. Licking County was officially formed in 1808 and the county became incorporated under the State of Ohio in 1833, with Newark as its county seat. The estimated population in 2015 was 170,570.

The information on the following pages is a project of the Licking County Library's Adult Services Department. All information contained within, as well as much more, can be found in the Local History Vertical Files and Ohio Reference at the Main Library.

Local History Digital Collection

The Licking County Library is making a number of volumes pertinent to local history available digitally. Follow the link above to the collection of digital volumes.

Topics of Interest

Map of Licking County from US Census Bureau





Colleges and Universities


Family Histories

Historic Sites and Buildings

History of Licking County


Museums and Parks

Natural Surroundings




Prehistory of Licking County


Townships and Communities



Licking County Historical Timeline
1800s 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s
1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s
2000s 2010s