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Rockwell-Standard Corporation was a major manufacturer of automotive, aviation, and electronic components. Originally established in 1919 in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, by Colonel Willard Rockwell, Rockwell produced truck axles for military vehicles.[1] In 1928 the company merged with Timken-Detroit Axle, which at the time was “a leader in the heavy-duty axle field.”[2] In 1951, Timken-Detroit established the Ohio Axle and Gear Division located on Hebron Road in what would become Heath, OH, the following year.[3] The factory began producing transfer cases and axles in 1952.[4] In 1953, the name was changed to Rockwell Spring & Axle Company. In 1954, the plant underwent an expansion, doubling its size.[5] By 1964, Rockwell was the third largest employer in the Newark-Heath area.[6] Rockwell underwent another name change in 1973 to Rockwell International.[7] In 1997, Rockwell was re-organized and the facility in Heath became the Meritor Heavy Vehicle Systems, LLC.[8]



  1. The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Rockwell International Corporation." Encyclopædia Britannica. May 20, 2015. Accessed September 26, 2017.
  2. Encyclopædia Britannica. "Rockwell International Corporation."
  3. Encyclopædia Britannica. "Rockwell International Corporation."
  4. Jeff Bell, "Rockwell to celebrate 40th anniversary," The Newark Advocate, October 31, 1991, 5A.
  5. Bell, "Rockwell to celebrate 40th anniversary,"
  6. “Rockwell Easily Spotted from Air,” The Newark Advocate, March 18, 1964, 22.
  7. Bell, "Rockwell to celebrate 40th anniversary,"
  8. Office, Central District. Rockwell International Corp. Accessed September 28, 2017.