Louis Henry Sullivan was born in Boston, Massachusetts on September 3, 1856. He was the second son of Patrick and Andrienne List Sullivan. Louis acquired an interest in architecture at an early age and apprenticed with Frank Furnass and then William Jenney (father of the iron-framed skyscraper). He studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and is known today as the "Father of Modernism." He was one of the first architects to design skyscrapers and heavily influenced Frank Lloyd Wright. By 1881 he became an employee of Dankmar Adler, and soon afterward, a partner. In 1888, Sullivan hired Wright as a draftsman and fired him in 1893 for moonlighting. In addition to Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sullivan also studied at L’École de Beaux-Arts in Paris. One of the main characteristics of Sullivan’s designs was that “outward form should faithfully express the function beneath,” which is similar to the saying “form follows function.” Sullivan's influence on Licking County can be seen at 1 North Third Street in the Sullivan Building in downtown Newark. This building, originally built as the Home Building Association Company, is one of eight “jewel box banks” he designed.
- The Old Home; Louis Sullivan's Newark Bank, by Joseph R. Tebben, McDonald & Woodward Publishing Co., 2014.
- "Sullivan, Louis Henry." Chambers Biographical Dictionary (Bio Ref Bank) (January 1, 1997): Biography Reference Bank (H.W. Wilson), EBSCOhost (accessed October 24, 2017).
- "Louis Henry Sullivan,” 2017, Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition, p 1.